The office is here to stay but employee experience will be different, says JLL
Office demand and usage will evolve according to corporates’ changing needs in the COVID-19 world
Corporations in Asia Pacific are re-examining their commercial real estate strategies amid government-imposed lockdowns and work-from-home arrangements resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic.
According to JLL’s data, leasing activity softened with global volumes 22% lower than in Q1 2019 as deals were cancelled or delayed. Asia Pacific leasing activity was in line with the rest of the world as Q1 2020 volumes were down only 9% quarter-on-quarter and up 14% year-on-year. However, this has yet to filter through to vacancy rates in Asia Pacific, which were flat compared to a quarter earlier at 10.9%.
In JLL Philippines Metro Manila Property Market Overview, pre-lockdown data shows that average capital value of offices in Metro Manila amounted to PHP 240,500 per sqm, up by 2.7% quarter-on-quarter. It was contributed by the steady capital value growth of offices in Quezon City, Pasig City, and Makati City at 3-4% quarter-on-quarter. On the other hand, offices in Taguig City and Muntinlupa City experienced a slower growth at 1-2%. This translated to a market yield of 4.6%, higher by six basis points quarter-on-quarter.
“The current situation poses disruption and challenges for the office sector. The way people view and use corporate real estate will change. However, we can expect the office to remain at the heart of employers’ occupational strategies in Asia Pacific over the medium-to-long-term,” says Anthony Couse, CEO, JLL Asia Pacific.
As companies prioritise the health and safety of their employees and implement social distancing to re-enter workplaces, changes to office real estate will be inevitable, according to a new report published by JLL. CEOs are re-examining strategies and may consider recalibrating the amount of space dedicated to traditional office space upon lease expiry, or even before.
However, despite current headwinds, the global real estate consultant believes the office is here to stay. In fact, in some cases, the pandemic may lead to an expansion of office space, as companies try to increase physical distancing among their employees. Current office configurations may be modified, increasing the need for additional space. In doing so, occupiers may consider tapping into flexible space from third-party operators, alongside continued remote working for some employees.
Not all remote working is created equal
Despite a seemingly successful work-from-home experiment globally, offices will continue to be sought after in this region. Although the pandemic has shifted perceptions around the effectiveness of remote working, it has not presented a sustainable or optimal long-term solution for all corporates.
In Asia Pacific, millennials struggle with smaller apartment sizes, living in shared spaces, internet connectivity issues, or juggling family duties while working from home.
While remote working has been credited with providing employees with more flexibility and work-life balance, offices play a central role in creating a space for employees to collaborate, interact and unite around shared values, boost staff morale and enhance productivity.
Mr. Couse adds: “Today’s corporates operate in an increasingly fast-moving environment where innovation is key to retaining a competitive edge and sustaining company performance. Successful companies pride themselves on having collaborative spaces that drive excellence and innovation.”
Demand for office design and fit-out
As the needs of occupiers evolve, the primary change that will hit offices is the redesigning of spaces. There will be a focus on delivering the highest and most efficient use of square footage to meet an organisation’s objectives.
“The office, as we know it, will evolve. In fact, we have seen clients increasingly focused on sustainability, wellness and technology. Some have begun making environmental tweaks and upgrades to align with commitments of building trust and ensuring fit-for-purpose spaces. Owners and investors who can take advantage of this opportunity to think about long-term redevelopment plans and designing or re-fitting their facilities will benefit greatly,” says Mr. Couse.
“In the past, companies have found creative ways of densifying their space to maximize their real estate portfolio. Today, we are seeing a shift where health and wellness are the driving factors in creating a conducive and safe working environment,” said Lizanne Tan, JLL Philippines’ Head of Commercial Leasing.
Impact on flexible spaces and coworking
The flexible space and co-working sector may stand to benefit in the short-term, as some present a compelling alternative to achieve short-and-medium-term expansion plans for existing occupiers looking for additional space.
Having a flexible business plan will align with certain occupier goals during the current environment, especially related to capital expenditure. However, corporates need to be diligent in selecting strong flex space providers, given projections around consolidation in the industry.
Meanwhile, some companies have been incorporating flexible spaces as part of their office portfolios to attract and retain top talent.
“COVID-19 is likely to accelerate the evolution of the office as most of the workforce prepares for re-entry. Ultimately, it is people who are the end-users of real estate. We think offices will remain central to their daily business life. Looking ahead, we believe that this is a resilient sector that will continue to draw long-term investor interest and confidence,” said Mr. Couse.
"As published in our latest report, ‘Beyond the quarantine: Restart and re-entry under the next normal’, we anticipate leasing activity from the IT-BPM, POGO and technology/digital sectors to recover somewhat following the lockdown. There may be some decentralization of demand in other parts of the metro and in key business hubs in the Visayas and Mindanao regions that may serve as interim or BCP sites to mitigate risk,” says Christophe Vicic, JLL Philippines’ Country Head.
“Overall, we remain optimistic on the gradual recovery of the Philippine real estate market with the office and logistics sectors to drive immediate recovery while residential, retail, and hospitality will remain subdued," he concludes.
For more details, please download ‘Are we over-estimating impact of COVID-19 on Asia Pacific real estate’ report here and ‘Beyond the quarantine: Restart and re-entry under the next normal’ here.
JLL (NYSE: JLL) is a leading professional services firm that specializes in real estate and investment management. JLL shapes the future of real estate for a better world by using the most advanced technology to create rewarding opportunities, amazing spaces and sustainable real estate solutions for our clients, our people and our communities. JLL is a Fortune 500 company with annual revenue of $18.0 billion, operations in over 80 countries and a global workforce of more than 94,000 as of March 31, 2020. JLL is the brand name, and a registered trademark, of Jones Lang LaSalle Incorporated. For further information, visit jll.com.